IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Freeman Yu on Tue Oct 13, 2015 1:09 pm

Automation won’t decimate job market. There are two of reasons as following:
1.Tool is tool.
Technology and machines are just tools for human. Tools can approximate the way people think and help people doing what they couldn’t do before. The structure of labor market will definitely be changed a lot, but that not means machines will replace human. Looking back to history, tools innovated a lot, but we haven’t lost our jobs now. Why? When high-tech tools turned up, more skilled workers would be trained to use these tools. Workers just moved from one field to another one to adopt to the industrial revolution.
2.People will keep advocating natural.
Even we were embraced by automated machines one day, people would keep advocating natural. The original need will urge human to retain some special kinds of jobs like artist, farmer,scientist and so on. Automated machines can help people creating, but they can not create by themselves. Creativity is also a natural ability that cannot be replaced by machines.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by CHANG Yan, Carol on Tue Oct 13, 2015 1:54 pm

Minqiang Tim WU wrote:
CHANG Yan, Carol wrote:Automation won't decimate job market, while from certain angle I think it is pushing job market toward a more competitive way and "caused" more well-educated, higher-skill job opportunities in the job market, as more and more basic jobs will be processed by technology instead of by manpower, it will force the labor to learn and upgrade themselves, to fit themselves think out of the box, to be more creative, to be more flexible, so that they can be well-matched with the economy new situation, new challenge. And on the other way round, this correspondingly push forward the fast populization and more high-intelligent automation designed and created by these labors, so it's not decimate but pushing forward.

Agree with this opinion.
For the large mass of the wave, it's true. It will force the human being to take more high skilled jobs.
But for some individuals, it may be a nightmare when it happens to him/her while he/she doesn't get ready for the new jobs. As a society, the government or NGO should put more efforts on this areas to help the worker to refresh their knowledge and skill as the fast moving of this trends in the new era.


True, this is the era fittest survives, but enough public supportive methods should be provided to help people to grow.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by TANG Jianzhong on Tue Oct 13, 2015 5:34 pm

The cognative technology, or the so-called Artificial Intelligency, is good at digital data collecting,memorizing and matching. Taking the advantage of digitization and Internet, it can easily collect much more data then ever before; and with the modern computing technology, it can process the data very very quickly. So it can help mankind in many fields. However, this kind of computing technology does not have creativity! It has to abide by the calculation and logic designed by Human being, it just carries out what people tell them to do, instead of initiating doing something  by itself. It is a good decision-support tool/machine to assit people to do things which were not possible before, or to do things in a much higher efficiency. As said in this article, some occupation such as lawer, doctor and consultant, may benifit a lot for this tool. But the tool will never replace the human mind which has the adapabilty, creativity and vision. In terms of job market, I stand with Ms. Rometty and believe the cognative technology will not result in mass reduction of labor demand. Leave what can be done by computer faster and better to computer, and free people to do things which call for higher skills. We are transforming from the Information Age (knowlege worker) to Conceptual Age (creator), the rise of creative class will be the mainstream in the labor market. For example, the business success will depend more and more on the Statistic and Data Anylasis, almost every company will have  demand of a Chief Data Officer together with many talents in data analysis.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by HE Xiaoting on Tue Oct 13, 2015 6:50 pm

With the development of cognitive technology, Cognitive Business Solutions can serve as a more useful tool or platform to provide good suggestions and references for us. It will definately increase part of our work efficiency and shorten our decision making process. However, we still need to make decisions based on our own judgement in every critical moment and take actions to make changes happen. That's the core value of us which technology could not replace. Even though IBM, always standing on the top of intelligence technology, has successfully experienced the three major transitions during its hundred-year history, like other large companies in the new environment, IBM has to come up with more courage to subvert and change itself. Keep learning and changing. It's a golden rule not only for companies but also for us to last our professional career life.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by JasmineWang王蔚宁 on Wed Oct 14, 2015 1:58 am

On the one hand, automation is created by human beings. The aim to create these automation is to can help people do the work more efficient. Such as I-robort which is house keeping robot. it can help you to clean your floor, saving your time to do other things. But this kind of machine can only do the easy house keeping job. For some complex work, such as sweeping stairs, you also need hire nanny to do.Nanny and I-robort is not conflict, with the cooperation of human beings and machine,things can be done quicker and better.

On the other hand, some low skill job are easily replaced by machine. It will change working way for some industry, with the killing of some jobs, it also create some high-end new industry new jobs.

Just try to do something that machine cannot do. Let machine do the easy and danger work to help people easy life, while human being can use brain to create more valuable things.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by karen_zy on Wed Oct 14, 2015 5:04 am

Automation is a trend in terms of industrialization process, which could improve the efficiency and be benificial to the estabilishment of competitive advantage to some degree. I think it's more praticable in standard procedure and technical application. However, the more important thing is how to find ways to apply and fuse these expertise when the world is becoming more complicated and diverse. Especially in the field of "softskill", i.e influence, innovatition, it seems impossible to take advantage of automation. Automation is created by people programming, and cannot take the place of people's minds. Along with the DT around the corner, data is a game changer. But how to dig out the value within it is the more challenge we have to face.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by ZHANG Ji on Wed Oct 14, 2015 6:24 pm

As Ms. Romettysaid “In the near future, all businesses will be digital, and cognitive technology will provide a basis for competitive advantage, as companies figure out new ways to take advantage of it”. The technology need to be control by people. So digital is necessary,but not sufficient. You can use it to change processes. Make the processes became easily. And we need to learn it. And then find a balance to solve it.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Li Congyi on Thu Oct 15, 2015 4:38 am

Science and technology are taking over some tasks, while increase the demand for goods and services also. Therefore it will need more labor resource of human while technology developing. Technology won't decimate job market because of new job is being created. In the past three decades, the computer is widely used in the market, while jobs increased by 1.2% each year.

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Re: IBM Watson Ecosystem Partners in Market Building Businesses

Post by Li Congyi on Thu Oct 15, 2015 4:55 am

黄如艺 wrote:
Huang Chunlei wrote:Technology is the tool to help the human being.It help the world get better .Although it can replace some jobs for labor workers ,even AI may be instead of mental work,so many people will lose their jobs ,and the balance will be broken also. In such situation,people will be educated with new knowledge and skills,as Ms Rometty said:”Eventually ,everyone will have some skills around data science and data.It will change the way we educate people. You begin to create the whole new sets of jobs .I see that with utility workers .I see that in all different kinds of ways...Individual jobs become richer”.
As we know with the economic structure changed ,the new balance will be achieved  

True. And maybe people will develop some new skills or discover their sleeping potentials to achieve greater things!! Smile

Yes. Automatization and intelligentize are necessarily trend of era.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Chen Jiating on Thu Oct 15, 2015 7:23 am

Every disruptive technology in the history seemed taking jobs from people when in the beginning, but finally these technologies drove the society forward by improving efficiency or easing the burden of people. It's the same for cognitive technology or A.I. Some people may lose their jobs in the beginning, but for all human beings, the technology gives people more capabilities to develop deeply and systematically and shorten the research cycle. Overall, the cognitive technology is predicted to make our life easier and better.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Shirley Zheng on Thu Oct 15, 2015 10:20 am

In the near future, all businesses will be digital. "It will scale expertise…it will change the way you engage with customers. It will change processes." Indeed I totally agree what CEO Virginia Rometty said.
From the company's perspective, it is an evolution of the industry scope. With the aid of information technology, customers will get faster and better services as well as more of their requirements could have been fulfilled. However, this does not mean companies could stay at where they were and chill out with the benefits of technology platforms. They need to innovate on their products and services continuously in order to meet customers' requirements. By doing so, they need great amounts of expertise possibly from new or even unexplored areas.
That is where I see another evolution, which is an evolution of the talents market. I agree that technology is allowing the production of far more output with far fewer people. But while the entire company product scope needs to be changed, new sets of jobs are created. To individuals, if you do not adjust your capabilities and expertise, if you do not follow the technology trend, you will be the group being decimated. Good companies are never saying No to talents who are eager to change, to take the lead ahead of the technology trend.
Let me end the paragraph with the most famous quote from Charles Darwin, "In the struggle for survival, the fittest win out at the expense of their rivals because they succeed in adapting themselves best to their environment."

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Fiona Liu on Thu Oct 15, 2015 11:16 am

I agree with the point. Technology will change the structure of job market, but won’t decimate job market.
In the past, industrialization dramatically reduced the number of jobs requiring manual work. However, it emphasized the importance of the jobs related to planning and control. It created new jobs, such as engineers. Moreover, a large number of manpower released moved to service area, which created a lot of new jobs.
Nowadays, cognitive technology is a great innovation, which sharply increases the efficiency of information research and usage. This technology will reduce the kind of jobs which require huge professional knowledge, such as consultant, doctor and lawyer. For example, the cognitive technology will help the doctor to analyze symptoms and diagnose illness. However, the jobs which require personal judgments, preference or innovation, could not be replaced, for instance, the artistic creation. Furthermore, the job which requires inter-personal intimacy will even be enhanced, such as nurse.
Besides, this also brings the question that if the doctor makes a wrong diagnosis based on the cognitive technology, who should take the responsibility.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Cara (Zhuang Jing) on Thu Oct 15, 2015 11:32 am

Digital disruption will be pervasive in all industries someday, it’s an inevitable trend. Cognitive technology is on the way to entirely change our way of life and work. It enlarges the expertise by assisting people to stock, analyze and synthesize the big data in a more interactive way with human.  It can support people to work more efficiently and more systematically and allow people to do more than they could do previously, thus set free more people to seek opportunities in new area.  But it will take time for the job market to evolve to capture the new trend, might be tough for some period of time. People need to rethink what they can do with the upcoming trend so as to be more competitive, may lead to more people enter the creative industry.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Lucy Gong (Yulu Gong) on Thu Oct 15, 2015 5:14 pm

Although automation is a new round of technology revolution, as mentioned in the article, cognitive technology will help people, but will not replace human beings. People can control things and make decisions with judgment in certain situations, but machine can not achieve this level.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by tangney on Thu Oct 15, 2015 5:54 pm

I basically agree that the point that automation won't decimate job market, because follow mainly reasons: First, automation can improve the efficiency of production,but play a litter role in the expand of new field; Second, automation is difficult to surpass the range of human's mind, each one is unique, and the requirement of human sources from themselves. Last but not one, automation maybe change the structure of labor, that is, decimate the simple, repeat or danger things and release more time to make human expand more new fields, accompanying with complexity,creative things.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Fan Lele(Laeticia) on Thu Oct 15, 2015 7:50 pm

I hold a different opinion that automation will have huge negative impact to the job market.
Although in the previous industrial or agriculture revolutions, people lost jobs could shift to other new emerging industries. However, today the market environment is complex and accelerating. Take computer capability for example, it is growing at an exponential rate! According to Moore’s law, computer chip capability will double. Jobs that could be replaced machine will be increasing much faster than new types job created. Thus at a macro level, I believe that job market will be impacted by machines and the impact would be biggest ever in history.
At the individual level, there are things we can do to prevent (or delay) being replaced by machines, such as jobs that require creativity.


Last edited by Fan Lele(Laeticia) on Fri Oct 16, 2015 7:14 pm; edited 1 time in total

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Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Martin Ma - Ma Jinhui on Fri Oct 16, 2015 3:05 am

I also think Automation won't decimate job market, it can led to more job opportunity actually. From historical perspective, any new technology can destroy the existing work on the one hand, but it also create new opportunity for people on the other hand. Just like steam engine which launched the industry evolution replaced cattle and horse, but we have more jobs to option in industry society than in agricultural society. So people need learn more knowledge and technology to adapt new technical society. There is only a manpower’s shift – from the old jobs to the new jobs, the key issue is if you can follow the new tendency quickly.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by ZhangWenwen on Fri Oct 16, 2015 4:30 am

I think the land that Ms. Rometty stands on to say automation won't harm job market is that the society and job market will evolve accordingly to fit the automation change, sounds similar to the macro-economy. And i agree with her opinion. There will be finally a balance between labor demands and supply, but sometimes it takes time to reach the balance after disruption.

When digital and automation era is coming, definietelly there will be some people or organization failing to catch up the new trend and being disrupted. But those survivers or distruptors will bring new opportunity in as well and education will be shaped and expertise will be scaled to the new type of jpb market. The example in the history happened in 20 century's industrialization trend when automation of production line cause many workers laid off, but the job market wasn't destroyed. As what we have seen, people would turn to engineering area and other new areas with opportunities caused by the automation.

So it's not the automation or digitalization that harms the job market, but whether people can keep learning and fitting the changes matter.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Richard Mok on Fri Oct 16, 2015 6:29 am

I am not at all convinced that the path of automation we are on will really lead to a world without work for most of us. It is true that machines are now doing more and more higher IQ work, but they are not likely to act as creatively as human brains. They take over routine functions that a human operator has already mastered, issues alerts when unexpected situations arise, and provides fresh information that expands the operator’s perspective. Technology is a partner of human, not a replacement.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by yangyupeng on Fri Oct 16, 2015 6:57 am

It is an old question that 'Did machine make workers lost their jobs?' Stream engine replaced some manula labour. Yes , someone lost jobs, but how about the whole job market? Decrease or increase? Automation is the same. New technology will help us to finish the same work with less cost(time, money, energy,human). Will this mean the requriment of human will be decrease? No, with the development of technology, new challenges come continues. For example, in ancient period we need hundreds of person to farm while only a few needed nowdays. How about the rest of persons? They are building rockets that can reach moon. Therefore technology including automation will not decimate job market. It only eliminats worker that can catch the development and makes most persons to qcquire more interesting and challenge work.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Renee CAO Lei on Fri Oct 16, 2015 3:05 pm

Automation must release more human resource from the repeating work, just like the redundancy trend recently, more workers are releasing into the job market.. More and more challenges are occurring in creative work, and this require us to spend more on the thinking part and do more innovation job. So the job's competency level are higher than before.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Summer(Zuo Congcong) on Fri Oct 16, 2015 3:19 pm

We discussed this question in class room, I believe no matter we want or not, cognitive technology is growing and booming. This trend will make some kind of jobs (no need of creativity or imagination) be replaced by automation, we can regard this as decimation job market OR an opportunity force human to do the job revolution. It's just the way of upgrading. That's why we need to train ourselves to be creative and intelligent, human brain is still much stronger than AI if we develop it and use it in a good way. So, I think automation is a revolutionary force for the job market.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by amandazheng on Fri Oct 16, 2015 4:27 pm

Huge amount of labor work has been replaced by robots with the development of technology. When the cognitive technology came out, people start to worry about it may take away even more jobs. I do not think it will not bring disadvantages to us. When the computer starts to learn things like human being, it is much faster and accurate for analysis on information. For example, when a computer can do a surgery instead of a doctor, its accuracy is much higher than a human. In this case, it can decrease the rate of fail operation. The doctor may not be in the hospital to take care of the patients. They will be focusing on developing the medical facilities instead. The definition of the doctor is going to change to another new meaning. This kind of technology can give human more freedom on creative and innovation which the computer can not compete. Though the repeatable jobs are replace by the computers, enormous new jobs will show in lives. We can be what we dream to be, like a singer, a painter...As saying in the article, the education is going to change to adaptive to the new society.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by Yonglei Xu on Fri Oct 16, 2015 5:43 pm

Automation won't decimate job market,expressed by IBM CEO Virginia Rometty.This opinion has brought the hot discussion.I believe that God has a pair of invisible hand.In the history,technology changed the world and brought the new labor distribution later.As people were worried about their jobs that time,but if you realized the trend that time,you can also get another better job.Closed the door but will open another window.This time automation must increase the efficiency and less labor on this area.This is the big progress for society and must guide the labor to other place,like high-skill level work.

Learning from the history,the chance can always be catch by the people prepared.I agree with this points.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

Post by qncheng on Fri Oct 16, 2015 6:44 pm

There is a fact that can not be ignored, that is, technology is change the world and the way we are living. Now it the new age-digital age. With the advanced technology, we can do a lot of work that can not do before. Such as watch chat. We are getting more from the digital world. The question is, are we happier than before, when we had limit information. I am afraid not. Actually it makes us feel lonely. As the more we have, the much lonelier we feel. We immerse into the small, black and icy machines, such as cellphones, pads and laptops. We would rather spent time on the computer rather than seeing people. The more lonely we feel ,the much time we spent on the chat web to strangers. What a pathetic. Hope we could rise our head and turn to the people around us to talk. Remember, we are human beings created with emotion. We need to attract and approach the same emotional humankind instead of the cold blood internet.

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Re: IBM CEO Says Automation Won't Decimate Job Market

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